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BEIJING Alberto Moreno Liverpool Jersey UK , Aug. 24 (Xinhua) -- China's greenlighting of its pension fund to invest in the stock market failed to lift share prices on Monday, but economists expect the move to make trading less volatile in the long run.
The State Council finalized guidelines on investment of the country's huge pension fund on Sunday, effectively clearing the path for billions of dollars of investment in the country's ailing stock market.
The move came earlier than expected and with the obvious purpose of shoring up investors' confidence and stabilizing the market, said Ren Zeping Daniel Sturridge Liverpool Jersey UK , an analyst with Guotai Junan Securities.
A draft of the guidelines was released in late June to solicit public opinions, and they were expected to take effect near the end of this year.
China's stock market tumbled more than 11 percent last week, following the release of weak economic data. It continued to spiral downward on Monday, diving 8.49 percent in the sharpest fall since 2007.
Under the new guidelines Jordan Henderson Liverpool Jersey UK , up to 30 percent of the pension fund's net assets can be invested in stocks and equities. The fund has assets of around 2 trillion yuan (326.8 billion U.S. dollars) that could be invested, meaning up to 600 billion yuan could theoretically go into the stock markets.
That would be equivalent to around 1 percent of the total market value of Chinese shares currently.
"The scale of the funds is limited and they will enter the stock market gradually, so their short-term impact will be quite small," said Ren.
However Joe Gomez Liverpool Jersey UK , with the gate opened, a sustained, steady flow of pension funds into the market in future will help stabilize expectations and guide investors away from speculation to value investing in the long term, he said.
While institutional investors dominate mature stock markets Mohamed Salah Liverpool Jersey UK , 99 percent of stock investors in China are individuals. These mom-and-pop investors tend to speculate and sell and buy more frequently to earn quick money, making the Chinese stock market more volatile than those in developed countries.
Chinese shares have been on a roller-coaster ride this year, rising by nearly 60 percent from the beginning of the year to a peak in June before free falls from mid-June to early July wiped off most of its gains this year.
The introduction of the pension fund into the market will significantly increase the role of institutional investors and support a healthy capital market, said Zheng Bingwen Roberto Firmino Liverpool Jersey UK , a social security specialist at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
With low risk appetite and abundant liquidity, pension funds tend to hold stocks longer for future returns and will effectively counter speculation and reduce volatility, Zheng explained.
Unlike in China, pension funds act as a cornerstone for value investing in many developed countries. In the United States Naby Keita Liverpool Jersey UK , Zheng said, pension funds account for 60 percent of the country's capital market value.
Initiated in the early 1990s, China's pension fund has previously been limited to safe but low-yielding investments in bank deposits and treasury bonds.
In the latest guidelines, the State Council stressed safety in the pension fund investments James Milner Liverpool Jersey UK , saying the management must "prioritize safety and firmly control risks."
Local governments will decide the capital amount to be invested and only institutions authorized by the State Council can operate such capital. Fund managers are required to set up reserve funds valued at 20 percent of management fees and 1 percent of yearly returns to cover for possible losses.
The risks for the pension fund investment in the stock market will be "controllable," said Ma Li, an official in charge of housing provident funds in Shanghai.
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